Atmospheric pollution from human activities, especially CO2 emissions from tourism development, leads to a rapid depletion of natural resources and local land. In some ecosystems, we can also observe a trend of biodiversity decline. I believe that the importance of rewilding reconstructs ecosystems previously altered by human disturbance, making them more sustainable, and that biodiversity can control climate change to mitigate the effects of environmental hazards and associated costs. I believe that rewilding is a way to protect species from extinction, but management strategies for rewilding should be refined, as misuse of the increasingly popular concept of rewilding can have a range of impacts on existing ecosystems.
I envision a world where Environmentalists can find a wilderness model that counteracts the harmful effects of carbon emissions from tourists and establishes technology-driven sustainable tourism such as ecotourism, a form of sustainable tourism based on natural resources. On the other hand, I also envision that rewilding is more strategically implemented and managed around the world through appropriate human interventions to restore species that are declining or endangered, including the removal of man-made structures such as dams and dikes in ecological zones that impede biological reproduction and provide space for disappearing species to thrive. Alternatively, top predators can be reintroduced to balance local biodiversity and populations. Rewilding programs should identify core rewilding areas, rely on monitoring and local feedback, and improper management of rewilded ecological zones and unskilled rewilding can even disrupt the local environment and food chain balance. An unfortunate example is the Oostvaardersplassen project in the Netherlands in 1983, where not only was the local vegetation eaten up, but 30% of the animals died in the winter when food was scarce, due to the wrong number of the introduced Heck cattle, Konik horses and red deer populations.
I support rewilding is scientifically based and adequately assesses whether the environment of the ecological zone meets the criteria for rewilding. Tourists should be aware of the carbon footprint of climate change from traditional tourism and convert them to ecotourism, and construction of ecotourism sites should use sustainable materials. As governments and businesses should recognize the economic potential of scientific evidence-based rewilding and encourage investment/subsidies for sustainable rewilding projects, this gives legitimacy and sustainability to them.