What To Act On

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Levers for Change

What kinds of interventions will bring about transformative change?

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Incentives (L1)

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Reform subsidies so they directly improve social and environmental outcomes.

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Management (L2)

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Reform organizations, programs, and policies to make them pre-emptive, inclusive, integrated, robust to uncertainty, and geared toward the complexity of social and ecological systems.

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Laws (L3)

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Bolster environmental laws & policies and eliminate corruption.

Leverage Points for Change

Where is it most critical to intervene?

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Paradigms and Visions of a Good Life (LP1)

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Embrace visions that emphasize relationships over material consumption.

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Consumption (LP2)

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Reduce total material consumption (a function of population size, per-capita consumption, and waste).

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Responsibility (LP3)

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Unleash existing environmental values of responsibility to enable action.

Inequalities (LP4)

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Reduce inequalities in income, gender, race, and class.

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Participation (LP5)

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Practice inclusion in decision-making, especially including Indigenous peoples and local communities.

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Externalities (LP6)

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Internalize the negative effects of our actions, which are often hidden, distant, diffuse, and delayed.

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Innovation and Investment (LP7)

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Move toward technology that produces net-positive impacts on people and nature.

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Education (LP8)

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Grow the knowledge and education systems needed for citizenship at all levels, and spread knowledge about sustainability.

Six Systems

Where are the areas for system transformation?

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Transform food and water systems to meet growing human needs in an equitable, resilient, and environmentally friendly manner.

Food and Water

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Economy and Finance

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Transform economic and financial systems to lead and power the shift to sustainability.

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Transform human settlements through improved urban planning and nature-based solutions to make them safe, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable.

Human Settlements

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Human Health, Equity and Peace

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Transform policies, practices, and technologies to limit climate change, ecosystem degradation, and pollution that create human health risks and impede progress toward peaceful and inclusive societies.

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Transform current trends of environmental decline that are risking human well-being and the Sustainable Development Goals.

Environment

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Transform the production and use of energy so everyone has access to clean and affordable energy.

Energy

You want to effect meaningful change, but you don't know how...